Global Debate

Socialism of the 21st century: lessons from South America?

In a world where capitalism and traditional institutions are increasingly called into doubt as efficient and sustainable models, political theorists and citizens are both looking for new alternatives. A reframing of the socialist theory adapted to the needs of the 21st century has become increasingly appealing. While we are certainly in need of a model capable of resolving our global justice problems, we have by now learnt about the dangers of a statist society which takes away its citizens’ agency and political participation. The Latin American cases of democratic socialism are the most recent historical examples of the perils of the socialist promise. Can socialist theory ever materialize into a successful political experience?